(Branch and Spawls, 1995; Ludwig, et al., 2003). Yet, they do present all the elements of the inner ear characteristic of tetrapods. Sand Cat (a small desert-adapted wild cat). Dorsally, it also has rectangular brown patches that are darker in color than the rest of the body. but also as its setting for copulation. Both species are oviparous—that is, they are egg layers—producing clutches of 8 to 20 eggs, This article was critically reviewed by David Cundall. Amphibia-Reptilia, 7/4: 385-389. range. These pits are extremely sensitive and can detect temperature changes of up to 0.001°C.
These large venomous snakes can deliver a potent and sometimes fatal bite. Contributor Galleries
and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction). In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa. Three subspecies have been described. February 21, 2010 This has made many desert-dwelling snakes very sensitive to vibrations generated by their prey as it moves through the sand. of her beloved land (an act immortalized by Shakespeare in Anthony and Cleopatra). Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Branch, B., S. Spawls. If threatened, the snake can produce a rasping warning sound, which it generates by rubbing together the obliquely-angled, saw-toothed scales along its flanks. (It's Free. bleeding (or clotting, depending on the blend of toxins), nausea, abdominal pain, It’s common knowledge that snakes use their tongue to smell the air and detect chemical substances. This species can also be commonly found in the Middle East, in countries like Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. The Status and Distribution of the Mediterranean Basin, "Cerastes cerastes (Desert Horned Viper)", 2004, http://zipcodezoo.com/Animals/C/Cerastes_cerastes/#Biology, http://data.iucn.org/dbtw-wpd/edocs/2006-027.pdf, http://www.eoearth.org/article/Status_and_distribution_of_reptiles_and_amphibians_of_the_Mediterranean_Basin, http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/abstract/205/5/661, http://www.jstor.org/sici?origin=sfx%3Asfx&sici=0045-8511%282003%291%3C131%3AVBITSS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-F&cookieSet=1, http://www.whozoo.org/Intro2000/sabrinor/SDNdeserthornedviper.htm, http://qjmed.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/97/11/717, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan.
The earliest known account of a treatment for the bite of the Desert Horned Pit vipers and some pythonomorphs (pythons and boas) can detect infrared radiation, being able to see the thermic signature around them. What's the Most Venomous Snake in the Sahara Desert? Desert horned vipers play a key role in their ecosystems. According to the Oxford Journal of Medicine, C. cerastes has two close relatives. Desert horned vipers are heavy-bodied snakes and can reach lengths of around 2 feet. Females are larger than males.
and much smaller C. vipera, shares much of the same range occupied by C. cerastes. of Calif. Press, 1997). Among its enemies, however, are the large predatory birds and the Ernst, C.H., and Zug, G.R. "Cerastes cerastes (Desert Horned Viper)" (On-line). Bites should be treated immediately with elevation, analgesics, and antibiotic cover. One of the world’s smallest vipers is the Mao-Lan pit viper (Protobothrops maolanensis), which was discovered in China in 2011. Sign up below or read more about the DesertUSA newsletter here. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Atlas of Snakes (T F H, 1991). at least a minimal source of fresh water, said Mark OâShea in. Flank, Lenny, Jr.
Masó & Pijoan (2011). Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC.
the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts of the American Southwest. This is extremely useful to detect prey in low light conditions, as they can perceive their body heat. Ediciones Omega. Search in feature The eyes of snakes are not very different from the eyes of most terrestrial vertebrates. The following sources have been consulted during the elaboration of this entry: Imagine you are a snake. (Blanc, 1986; Ludwig, et al., 2003; O'Shea, 2008). have serious consequences. ("Cerastes cerastes (Desert Horned Viper)", 2004; Johann, 1973; Mermod, 1970; Norris, 2000). In its sidewinding Snakes: The Evolution of Mystery in Nature (Univ. The scaly and impervious skin of reptiles prevents the loss of water, and their faeces contain uric acid which, compared to urea, is much less soluble in water, allowing them to retain more liquids. March 07, 2010 (Disi, 1983; George, 2002), As an oviparous species, Cerastes cerastes offspring development occurs outside of the mother's body, in the fertilized eggs she lays. The Desert Horned Viper â like all snakes, a meat eater â preys primarily on A sharp upright scale above each eye resembles a horn. As we have already stated, the main characteristic of any desert is the lack of water. 1992. Coborn, John. desert ranges, from northern Africa into the Middle East. These vipers evade high temperatures becoming active at night and they spend the day buried in the sand. Dirasat Natural Sciences (Amman), 10/2: 167-180.
McGinley, M. 2007. of Reptiles and Amphibians.
Through multiple studies and experiments, it has been found that foraging by vibration detection is particularly significant in C. cerastes, as well as other members of the genus. Its unconventional method of locomotion notwithstanding, ), Writer Peter David Fraser claimed that the toxins could also inflict mental to explode from its cover and strike its victim with stunning swiftness.
(as keyword in perception channel section) This animal has a special ability to detect heat from other organisms in its environment. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe.
Sidewinding is the primary method of locomotion for C. cerastes and the majority of desert snakes. Most scientists think that snakes had to somehow “reinvent their eyes”. living in sub-Saharan Africa (south of 30 degrees north) and Madagascar.
Morain, M., B. One, the horned and similar-sized C. gasperettii, occupies a range extending The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! If pursued by a predator, it disappears into the sand with great speed.
It has been determined that there is a strong correlation between microclimate and the general distribution of this species. Because they are venomous snakes, some interactions with humans can prove dangerous. In captivity, a full grown specimen was observed to feed on weaver finches (Passer domesticus niloticus), lacertids (Mesalina olivieri), and dune geckos (Stenodactylus petrii). that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle). banks of the Nile River.) writing for. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? Hearing is one of the least developed ophidian senses. The head is somewhat flat, broad, and triangular, with eyes on the side of the head, and the neck is thin. Its venom can kill its prey almost immediately. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Center for Mediterranean Cooperation, Cerastes cerastes is considered a species of “Least Concern” in terms of its conservation status. Its bite is seldom fatal to humans because of the snake’s small size and relatively weak venom.
at http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/abstract/205/5/661. (Cox, et al., 2006; George, 2002; Ludwig, et al., 2003), Information regarding the mating systems of C. cerastes is data deficient. This method of locomotion makes these snakes move more efficiently in an unstable terrain. "Desert Horned Viper" (On-line). True Vipers.
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