denmark capital
[92] Hereditary monarch Queen Margrethe II has been head of state since 14 January 1972. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Iceland. [158] Copenhagen has a rapid transit system, the Copenhagen Metro, and an extensive electrified suburban railway network, the S-train. In the software and electronic field, Denmark contributed to design and manufacturing of Nordic Mobile Telephones, and the now-defunct Danish company DanCall was among the first to develop GSM mobile phones. Alternatively pupils can attend an independent school (friskole), or a private school (privatskole), such as Christian schools or Waldorf schools. Denmark Is Considered The Happiest Country. From the mid-1990s, Danish films have attracted international attention, especially those associated with Dogme 95 like those of Lars von Trier. [154] The country is a member nation of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). [200], As of 2015[update], Denmark has a life expectancy of 80.6 years at birth (78.6 for men, 82.5 for women), up from 76.9 years in 2000. The purpose of the tax is to discourage car ownership. The Royal Danish Orchestra is among the world's oldest orchestras. Throughout the High and Late Middle Ages, Denmark also included Skåneland (the areas of Scania, Halland, and Blekinge in present-day south Sweden) and Danish kings ruled Danish Estonia, as well as the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. The urban Copenhagen area has a population of 1,280,371 while that of the metropolitan area is 2,016,285 inhabitants. By 1 July 2018, the net international investment position (or net foreign assets) of Denmark was equal to 64.6% of GDP. Denmark now aims to focus on intelligent battery systems (V2G) and plug-in vehicles in the transport sector. They colonised, raided, and traded in all parts of Europe. Copenhagen, Danish København, capital and largest city of Denmark. [112] These initiatives are often described by the authorities as part of a new "active foreign policy" of Denmark. Copenhagen is the capital and largest city in Denmark with a municipal area of 33.36 square miles. By 2017 services contributed circa 75% of GDP, manufacturing about 15% and agriculture less than 2%. [174] Danish and Faroese belong to the North Germanic (Nordic) branch of the Indo-European languages, along with Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish. Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen, constructed during the reign of Christian IV, early 17th century. A small village existed on the site of the present city by the early 10th century. Nor does the EPI gauge how well the biodiversity is faring compared to a pristine situation. Denmark wields considerable influence in Northern Europe and is a middle power in international affairs. Danish-born computer scientists and software engineers have taken leading roles in some of the world's programming languages: Anders Hejlsberg (Turbo Pascal, Delphi, C#); Rasmus Lerdorf (PHP); Bjarne Stroustrup (C++); David Heinemeier Hansson (Ruby on Rails); Lars Bak, a pioneer in virtual machines (V8, Java VM, Dart). "ICL – Denmark – Constitution – Section 31. [4] Denmark, Sweden, and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. After Sweden permanently broke away from the personal union, Denmark tried on several occasions to reassert control over its neighbour. [54] No location in Denmark is farther from the coast than 52 km (32 mi). Romanticism influenced the renowned writer and poet Hans Christian Andersen, known for his stories and fairy tales, e.g. Danish dishes are highly seasonal, stemming from the country's agricultural past, its geography, and its climate of long, cold winters. Copenhagen is the most populous city in Denmark with a municipality population of 601,448 people in 2016. The proportion deriving from payroll taxes, VAT, and other taxes on goods and services correspond to the OECD average[138], As of 2014[update], 6% of the population was reported to live below the poverty line, when adjusted for taxes and transfers. [69] Contributing factors to this value are an exceptional high value for cropland but also a relatively high value for grazing land,[70] which may be explained by the substantially high meat production in Denmark (115.8 kilograms (255 lb) meat annually per capita) and the large economic role of the meat and dairy industries. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, and main commercial centre. From Kwintessential, "Denmark: Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (8)", "Carl Dreyer:Day of Wrath, Ordet, Gertrud", Wall Paintings in Danish Churches from The majority of the political parties in the Folketing support joining the EMU, but since 2010 opinion polls have consistently shown a clear majority against adopting the euro. Denmark has considerably large deposits of oil and natural gas in the North Sea and ranks as number 32 in the world among net exporters of crude oil[150] and was producing 259,980 barrels of crude oil a day in 2009. Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the 15th century after the formation of the Kalmar Union. Omissions? Tórshavn (Faroese: [ˈtʰɔuʂhaun]; lit. [14][N 6] The remaining 13.89% were of foreign background, defined as immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea are intertwined by various, international ferry links. [206] As of 2012[update], Denmark spends 11.2% of its GDP on health care; this is up from 9.8% in 2007 (US$3,512 per capita). [146], The level of unemployment benefits is dependent on former employment and normally on membership of an unemployment fund, which is usually closely connected to a trade union, and previous payment of contributions. [75][76] Denmark's territories, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, catch approximately 650 whales per year. The total circulation was 500,000 daily in 1901, more than doubling to 1.2 million in 1925. Last update 31 October 2018. The EPI was established in 2001 by the World Economic Forum as a global gauge to measure how well individual countries perform in implementing the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. From the 16th century, Dutch and Flemish designers were brought to Denmark, initially to improve the country's fortifications, but increasingly to build magnificent royal castles and palaces in the Renaissance style. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. The Black Diamond, an extension of the library, opened in 1999; a modern structure of steel and glass, it lies on the waterfront. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Map of Copenhagen (c. 1900), from the 10th edition of. The etymology of the name "Denmark", the relationship between "Danes" and "Denmark", and the emergence of Denmark as a unified kingdom are topics of continuous scholarly debate. In 2015, Denmark contributed 0.85% of its gross national income (GNI) to foreign aid and was one of only six countries meeting the longstanding UN target of 0.7% of GNI. You'll Never Guess Why", 2013 Legatum Prosperity Index™: Global prosperity rising while US and UK economies decline, "Denmark Country Profile: Human Development Indicators", "The Origin and Deeds of the Goths, chapter III", "Prince Charles says Britain's role in slave trade was an atrocity", "Lost in translation: Epic goes to Denmark", "Traitor Danes: most soldiers return heroes, but this lot came home total zeroes", "Vejrekstremer i Danmark [Weather extremes in Denmark]", "The weather cross – the four corners of autumn weather", "Copenhagen, Denmark  – Sunrise, sunset, dawn and dusk times for the whole year", "Forests and forestry in Denmark – Thousands of years of interaction between man and nature", "Theme: Herring, cod and other fish – 1001 Stories of Denmark", The law of environmental damage: liability and reparation, "The Climate Change Performance Index: Results 2015", "Almost Saving Whales: The Ambiguity of Success at the International Whaling Commission [Full Text] - Ethics & International Affairs", "Hundreds of whales slaughtered in Faroe Island's annual killing", "Christiansø betaler ikke sundhedsbidrag", Denmark: Regions, Municipalities, Cities & Major Urban Areas, "Act on the Faroese authorities acquisition of affairs and fields", "The Constitution of Denmark – Section 88". The Jutes migrated to Great Britain eventually, some as mercenaries of Brythonic King Vortigern, and were granted the south-eastern territories of Kent, the Isle of Wight and other areas, where they settled. [137] The tax structure of Denmark (the relative weight of different taxes) differs from the OECD average, as the Danish tax system in 2015 was characterized by substantially higher revenues from taxes on personal income and a lower proportion of revenues from taxes on corporate income and gains and property taxes than in OECD generally, whereas no revenues at all derive from social security contributions. ", "A Bill passed by the Parliament shall become law if it receives the Royal Assent not later than thirty days after it was finally passed. This led to a massive Danish defeat and the armies of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden conquered Jutland, Funen, and much of Zealand before signing the Peace of Roskilde in February 1658, which gave Sweden control of Scania, Blekinge, Trøndelag, and the island of Bornholm. Life science is a key sector with extensive research and development activities. The women's national team celebrated great successes during the 1990s and has won a total of 13 medals - seven gold (in 1994, 1996 (2), 1997, 2000, 2002 and 2004), four silver (in 1962, 1993, 1998 and 2004) and two bronze (in 1995 and 2013). The first known Danish literature is myths and folklore from the 10th and 11th century. Under the reign of Gudfred in 804 the Danish kingdom may have included all the lands of Jutland, Scania and the Danish islands, excluding Bornholm. You'll Never Guess Why. All bills passed must be presented before the Council of State to receive Royal Assent within thirty days in order to become law. [85] The Faroese home government is defined to be an equal partner with the Danish national government,[86] while the Greenlandic people are defined as a separate people with the right to self-determination.[87].


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